Half of What Lies Within © 2004
Magnolia Grandiflora, June 3, ©1973 Caroline Vaughan BT
STILL LIFE VERSUS MOVEMENT
Several of the images to the left are classified as still life, something that does not move. If you want to create more tension in your images, pair something that does not move with something that has forceful movement as depicted in the water and rock images below. Sationary objects in the midst of moving objects create increased force in the image. I slow down the shutter speed from what the light meter reads. I watch the repeating pattern of where the water flows to pre-visualize how long an exposure I need in order to smooth out the water. This will also depend on the speed and amount of water flowing.
The eye can see 120 tones; however photographic paper can only reproduce 10 tones. The Zone System, developed by Ansel Adams and interpreted by Minor White, helps the photographer choose how to meter the light so that he is aware that only five tones are going to print on the photographic paper commercially made. Knowing this, a photographer can expose for the shadows and develop for the highlights. You can never go back into the field and pick up the shadows. You can reduce the contrast of the printed image by reducing the time you develop the film, i.e. Normal -1. Normal-2, as the shadows develop first, then the highlights develop second, allowing you to stop the development, retain the shadows and curtail the highlights.